Type 1 diabetes diet : All people with diabetes are advised to eat a healthy balanced diet . It is a way of eating that is recommended for everyone.
However, people with type 1 diabetes have to do something else to eat " healthy " . The amount, type and timing of your food choices is as important as making sure you have the daily fruit and vegetable quota .

Here , we focus on the effects of food on blood glucose levels in the blood and the relationship between glucose levels in insulin , diet , and blood in the management of type 1 diabetes.

Carbohydrate , glucose and insulin levels

Foods rich in carbohydrates have the greatest effect on glucose levels in the blood and are starches - bread , cereals , potatoes , pasta , rice, etc. - to pay more attention to you.

Carbohydrates are divided mainly into glucose by digestive enzymes . Type 1 diabetes diet .Glucose is absorbed from the gut into the bloodstream (usually 1-2 hours after a meal ) , which causes the glucose level in the blood rises. Insulin is necessary for the body's cells can take this glucose in the blood and use it for energy or store it for later. People who do not have diabetes produce adequate amounts of insulin to deal with the increase in blood glucose that occurs after a meal . Insulin on demand allows the person without diabetes to keep levels of blood sugar within normal range even after a meal rich in carbohydrates. Type 1 diabetes diet .

Finding the right balance

If you have type 1 diabetes , the body does not produce insulin , must be injected . To maintain blood glucose near normal after eating , it is necessary to inject the right amount of insulin to deal with the food you eat . It is also important that the injection is timed right , so that the insulin enters the bloodstream along with glucose from digested food is absorbed by the intestine.

 " Type 1 diabetes diet " If there is too little insulin ( in the amount of glucose from the digestion of food ), the level of glucose in the blood from rising too high (hyperglycemia). If too much insulin ( or not enough glucose from the digestion of food ), the glucose level drops too low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) .

Thus food intake should be very similar , for their insulin injections. It is therefore necessary to consider not only what you eat but how much you eat and when . " Type 1 diabetes diet "

The different types of food

The overall effect of a food on blood glucose depends on the different types of foods that contain flour.

glycemic Index

 " Type 1 diabetes diet " The different types of carbohydrate foods are digested at different rates and therefore have different effects in terms of increased levels of glucose in the blood after a meal. Some foods are rapidly digested to glucose (eg corn flakes ) , while others take more time for the glucose to enter the bloodstream (eg , all BranTM ) .  " Type 1 diabetes diet " The effect of different carbohydrate foods on glucose levels in the blood was measured by the glycemic index ( GI). Foods with a low GI , and less than a peak postprandial blood glucose levels than those with a high GI .


It is being widely accepted among the general population that people with diabetes should avoid eating sugar because it causes a rapid rise in glucose levels in the blood. This is not true ! Table sugar , which we sprinkle on our cereal , in fact less than a spike blood sugar as the cereal itself . Sucrose * , surprisingly , has a lower GI cornflakes . " Type 1 diabetes diet "

As part of a healthy diet , we are all advised to reduce sugar - this is because it has little nutritional value , it does little to satisfy the appetite and is a source of "empty calories" .

* Note:

 " Type 1 diabetes diet " Table sugar is not the same as glucose. Table sugar is called a disaccharide sucrose and - that contains two sugar molecules , one of fructose and glucose. Table sugar should be degraded by digestive enzymes before the fructose and glucose can be absorbed . Glucose is rapidly absorbed , as there has to be broken (digested ) first.

Proteins and fats

Foods rich in carbohydrates are the largest effect on glucose levels in the blood, because it is digested most of the glucose, which is absorbed by the intestine directly into the bloodstream. However, proteins and fats in the diet affects the levels of blood glucose as well.

Excess protein in the diet is not needed by the body is converted into glucose by the liver . This means that the consumption of large amounts of protein can lead to increased levels of blood glucose for several hours after eating.

It is likely to reduce the rise in blood sugar after a meal , the most important effect of fat. Fat slows the rate at which the stomach empties - which has the effect of drag to slow the absorption of glucose digested carbohydrate foods . You might think this is a good thing , but remember that a diet high in fat is not necessarily a healthy diet.

My meals must adapt to my diet most prescribed insulin ?

In recent years, people with type 1 diabetes is recommended to stick to a rigid schedule of meals in total, which was determined by their insulin injections. Some insulin regimens still call for this to some extent . " Type 1 diabetes diet "  However, today it is generally accepted that it is better to take insulin regimen that suits the lifestyle of the individual.

Therefore, in most cases , insulin must adapt to food intake and not vice versa . This means that you are a healthy and nutritious food that meets their needs .

To begin with, then you need to find the correct dose of insulin for a "normal" day in your life. Specifically , you need to eat a normal healthy diet , try to eat the same thing at the same time each day. Use blood glucose monitoring to guide you, the time and / or dose of insulin injections can be adjusted. Your health care team will help you in this area.  " Type 1 diabetes diet " Its aim is to establish a routine that offers reasonable control of blood glucose , and fits your lifestyle. Then you can work from this base , enhance its control and may also introduce greater flexibility .


An important role of diet in the treatment of type 1 diabetes is to prevent low blood glucose (hypoglycemia ) .

Some insulin regimens require you to have snacks between meals to avoid hypoglycemia . Snacks are not always needed , so consult with your doctor and / or dietitian to see if you need to eat between meals.

A bedtime snack is essential , however , for all people with type 1 diabetes . This ensures that the levels of blood glucose falls too low overnight.

The sandwiches are very important before exercise , especially if the activity is not part of your daily routine. This is to prevent exercise-induced hypoglycemia .

adapt to changes

In practice , most people have a regular insulin regimen tailored to their "normal" day . The insulin dose and timing of injections generally relate to how and when to eat . In theory , you know that your insulin dose is right for your model of "normal" diet .  " Type 1 diabetes diet " All changes you could make to your usual day may need the support of an adequate improvement in insulin dose . Your medical team will give you personalized advice on how to make adjustments to meet changes in the normal schedule.

 " Type 1 diabetes diet " Generally more food (especially carbohydrates ) needs more insulin if the glucose level in the blood will rise too high. Less food ( especially carbohydrates ) needs less insulin if the glucose level in the blood get too low . It is important to get the right fit - or you may find that you have overcompensated change and given too much or too little insulin .

Use blood glucose monitoring to see if the settings are correct , make a note in your diary of the changes and learn from experience . The most informative times to test are before eating and after 1-2 hours after eating . " Type 1 diabetes diet "

Delayed or missed meals are probably the most common causes of hypoglycemia.  " Type 1 diabetes diet " Take measures to prevent low blood levels , if you know you will not be able to eat your usual meal glucose . Have an extra snack to go ahead and keep an eye on your blood glucose level in the blood.

Fine-tuning your diet

 " Type 1 diabetes diet " Use the results of testing blood sugar you and your understanding of the effects of food on the level of glucose in the blood by filtering for improved control diet .

Here is a summary of some key points to consider:

Eating a healthy and nutritious food
Try to eat relatively consistent amounts from day to day
Use food labels
Use the Glycemic Index
Consider the potential effects of fats and proteins in your diet
Use blood glucose monitoring to assess the effects of different types of foods in your post- meal (2 h) glucose levels in the blood ( eg varieties of whole wheat bread , rice and pasta with their counterparts of race white ) " Type 1 diabetes diet "
Know when your insulins act and consider the time you eat regards to the time you inject insulin
Use a calorie counter or the like, to evaluate the carbohydrates , fats and proteins food . " Type 1 diabetes diet " 

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